In case you haven’t noticed, most of my blog posts have covered a specific topic: immediate feedback. In my post Five Tips for a Technology-Infused PE Class, I talked about using Google Forms with pre-filled data to grade students’ performance as well as using Formative. I also gave my take on Kahoot!, Quizizz, and Quizlet in a post about quiz games. And one of my first blog posts was about Four Tools for Instant Feedback, featuring Khan Academy, No Red Ink, Quizlet (again), and Spelling City. The reason why I am promoting this so much is that I believe it provides the most bang for your buck as you step into technology integration.
An article from Edutopia titled 5 Research-Based Tips for Providing Students with Meaningful Feedback cites a study that showed significant improvement in performance when immediate feedback was given versus delayed feedback. The article also suggests other tips for making the feedback meaningful. It should not stop at receiving immediate feedback from a quiz or website, but teachers must provide students with the opportunities and skills to build upon those mistakes.
Besides increasing student performance, using immediate feedback tools saves you time in several ways. I believe the most obvious is in the fact that these assessments are automatically graded. A large quiz could take thirty minutes to several hours to grade, but with these tools, you can use the automatic grading features. The second reason is the data that you receive. Manually grading only gives you a score for an individual student and maybe an idea of a commonly missed question. However, with these tools, you are able to analyze each question and quickly and conveniently see where students performed well or not so well. Because data collection and analysis is a daunting task without the aid of technology, it is an often overlooked step in the formative process.
So how can Google Forms be of assistance in this category? Well, I will show you two ways to use this. One is with a built-in feature of Google Forms, and the other is with an add-on called Flubaroo.
Because so many teachers wanted to use Google Forms as a way to give electronic quizzes, Google responded by adding the option! While this has been in place for a while, you may not have known that it is now a native feature. There are two ways to set up a form to become a quiz. The first is using a template. In case you didn’t know about the templates available to you in most of the G Suite tools, you can access these templates by inserting the tool’s name and then .google.com. To go to the forms template, type in forms.google.com.
You should see an option for a blank quiz. If you start one of these, it will automatically make it a quiz. However, you might already have a form created that you want to change into a quiz. You can do that easily by pressing the three stacked dots in the upper-right corner, clicking settings, and then clicking quizzes. By checking the option “Make this a quiz,” you will be able to assign points values and allow auto-grading.
You will also see some additional features on this page. You can choose to immediately release the grade after each submission, or you can choose to do it later after you manually review it. The manual review option means that you will look at the auto-graded responses and make any adjustments before sending out the grade through e-mail. You can also choose to show respondents different information, such as questions that were missed, the correct answers, and how many points the question was worth.
Another thing that you will want to consider before giving a quiz out is if you want to collect e-mail addresses or not. This is in general settings. I usually put this feature on since I am giving it to students in my domain. However, you might be giving this quiz publicly to people who may not have a Google account. A way to organize those responses would be to insert a question that asks for the participant’s name. I choose to collect the e-mail address because I wouldn’t ever want a student to take the quiz for another student by just typing in a different name.
Another option is limiting to 1 response or not. By having this checked, respondents must sign in. This would be useful if you do not want the student to retake the quiz right away.
Once you have your settings, press save.
You can begin to add new questions or edit previous questions. Once you have finished creating the question, click on answer key to select correct answers and assign point values. Also, if the student must answer the question, make sure that you mark it as required.
Here is a screenshot of what this looks like:
Not every question type can be automatically graded. You can currently choose multiple choice, short answer, checkbox, or dropdown as options for adding correct answers to. The rest have to be graded manually.
Using the Flubaroo add-on provides an alternative way of grading. Many people created forms and used Flubaroo as an add-on before Google Forms created the quiz option. It was a total game changer for providing immediate feedback.
There isn’t very much that Flubaroo provides over Google Forms. Probably the most notable difference that makes Flubaroo a viable option is that student scores can be shared through a Google Doc. This works well for students who do not have the Gmail option enabled in their organizational unit.
I won’t go into detail about how to install Flubaroo as you can find that in their user guide. With Flubaroo, you need to create a spreadsheet with it, whereas you do not need to create the sheet with Forms. You will also need to submit the answer key by filling out the form and then by setting it as the answer key in the sheet.
You might want to use Flubaroo if you have quizzes already made and don’t want to spend time updating each question with an answer and point value. Both options make it easy for providing that immediate feedback to students.
This is just one way to use Google Forms. Educators have used G Suite tools in a variety of ways beyond the standard use, and I hope to share more ways with you!